Rodents in Athens, GA, aren't merely a pain due to their proclivity for scavenging and eating human food. They're also a big pest problem because their excrement and other forms of contamination can spread a variety of hazardous diseases to humans. Because rats and mice carry infections that can cause more than 35 diseases, it's vital to find a solution for your health and safety if you have a rodent problem. Here are some of the diseases that rodents can carry into your house and put your health at risk.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a potentially fatal disease spread primarily through the excrement of deer mice. Coming into close contact with rodent urine or excrement, eating infected foods, or even being bitten by a rat can all transmit this virus. After exposure, the virus can take one to five weeks to fully develop, during which time flu-like symptoms like fever, muscle pains, fatigue, headaches, disorientation, and chills can appear. Some of the symptoms that can develop include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain. If not treated properly, a hantavirus infection can be fatal.
Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis (LCM) is a viral infection carried by rodents, primarily the common house mouse, and caused by the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). The disease can be spread by coming into contact with a mouse's urine or faeces, touching its nesting materials, or being bitten.
LCM has two stages of infection. Fever, muscle aches, loss of appetite, headache, nausea, and vomiting are all symptoms of the first phase of a viral infection. The second phase is marked by far more serious symptoms that can progress to neurological levels.
According to the CDC, symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, weariness, confusion, sensory disorders, and/or motor abnormalities including paralysis. It can cause inflammation in both the brain and the meninges. Although LCM is seldom deadly, it can be severe enough to necessitate hospitalization, and recovering from neurological symptoms can be difficult.
The Black Death, or bubonic plague, is a rodent-borne disease spread by fleas harboring the bacteria Yersinia pestis. It is spread by rats infected with the bacterium Yersinia pestis carried by fleas. However, because this disease is carried by infected fleas, if your dogs aren't treated, you may become ill.
Handling an infected animal or coming into contact with tainted fluid or tissue in general can spread this bacteria. Two to six days after contact, fever, headache, chills, and weakness are common symptoms, as are one or more swollen, tender, and painful lymph nodes (called buboes). This infection is easily treated with antibiotics, but if left untreated, it can be fatal.
Francisella tularensis causes tularemia, a bacterial infection. The disease can be spread by a number of rodents, including hares and rabbits, fly and tick bites, dirty water, and airborne dust particles.
Skin ulcers and swollen lymph nodes are the most common Tularemia symptoms, which usually appear after a tick or deer fly bite or after touching an infected animal such as a mouse or rat. A skin ulcer develops where the organism entered the body, usually in the armpit or groin, and is followed by lymph node swelling in the affected area. Antibiotics can be used to treat this potentially life-threatening disease.
Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection caused by the salmonella bacteria, which can be transmitted in a number of ways. Although infected rodents can likely play a role, most people conceive of this as a sickness spread by tainted food. Salmonella causes food poisoning, which includes diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain. Although it is not as dangerous as other rodent-borne diseases, it can cause substantial pain and misery if left untreated for a long time.
A mouse infestation that spirals out of control can make you vulnerable to diseases like these, which is why it's best to keep them out of your house or office in the first place. However, if an infestation does develop, it's critical to eradicate it as quickly as possible. Even with fast action, eradicating a wild rodent infestation can be challenging, so it's better to hire a professional to handle the situation. We provide free inspections at Pete's Pest Control to assist you in resolving your rat problem. Get in touch with us right away!